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Choose from a Wide Selection of Hardwood Lumber for Your Project

Acacia

Acacia

 

  • Acacia spp., Robinia pseudoacacia
  • Acacia Koa, Locust
  • Source: Acacia is one of the most abundant species of wood growing in many parts of the world including America, Europe, India, and Africa. In the United States, in the form of Acacia Koa in Hawaii and Locust on the mainland. For Acacia Koa, see KOA.
  • Color: Locust, greenish-brown heartwood
  • Pattern:
  • Characteristics:
  • Uses:
  • Availability: Rare as veneer
  • Price Range: Valuable

 

Acapu

Acapu

 

  • Vouacapoua americana
  • Brownheart, Partridge Wood
  • Source: Brazil and northern Central America
  • Color: Uniform cream sapwood; heartwood dark chocolate brown with lighter brown striping. Low lustre.
  • Pattern: Grain straight to slightly roey; texture coarse
  • Characteristics: Hard and heavy
  • Uses: Boat building, flooring, furniture, veneer, and plywood
  • Availability: Rare
  • Price Range: Valuable

 

Afromosia

Afromosia

 

  • Pericopsis elata
  • Kokrodua
  • Source: West Africa
  • Color: Yellow to warm brown
  • Pattern: Grain straight to some mottle; resembles teak
  • Characteristics:
  • Uses: Wall paneling; furniture; decks
  • Availability: Limited as veneer; limited as lumber
  • Price Range: Valuable

 

Albarco

Albarco

 

  • Cariniana spp.
  • Abarco, Bacu, Jequitiba, and incorrectly, Brazilian or Columbian "Mahogany"
  • Source: South America (Brazil and Columbia)
  • Color: South America (Brazil and Columbia)
  • Pattern: Grain straight or striped
  • Characteristics: Grain straight or striped
  • Uses: Furniture; interior construction
  • Availability: Rare as veneer (quarter slice)
  • Price Range: Average

 

Alder, Red

Alder, Red

 

  • Alnus rubra
  • Alder, Western Red Alder
  • Source: Pacific Coast region (California and North)
  • Color: Pale pinkish-brown to almost white
  • Pattern: Non distinct
  • Characteristics: Good working properties; strength between Red Gum and American tulipwood
  • Uses: Unexposed structural parts of furniture; core stock
  • Availability: Rare as veneer; readily available as lumber
  • Price Range: Average
  • in stock

 

Almon

Almon

 

  • Shorea almon
  • Often sold with or as White Lauan
  • Source: Philippine Islands
  • Color: Light cream or straw
  • Pattern: Quartered or rotary figure
  • Characteristics: Light; works well although stringy; finishes well; coarse textured; cross grained; moderately hard
  • Uses:
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer (quarter sliced and half round cut); readily available as lumber
  • Price Range: Inexpensive

 

Apitong

Apitong

 

  • Dipterocarpus grandiflorus
  • Bagac, Philippine Mahogany (family)
  • Source: Philippine Islands
  • Color: Light to dark reddish-brown
  • Pattern: Grain slightly crossed; quartered "ribbon" often absent or wide apart
  • Characteristics: Moderate to coarse texture; dull; hard and comparatively heavy; works and finishes will; good gluing and finishing qualities
  • Uses: Heavy duty lumber; truck decking
  • Availability: Readily available mainly as lumber
  • Price Range: Average

 

Ash White

Ash White

 

  • Fraxinus latifolia
  • Source: Eastern United States
  • Color: Somewhat lustrous; cream to very light brown heartwood with wide, light colored sapwood
  • Pattern: Straight moderately open grain
  • Characteristics: Heavy; hard; strong; stiff, high in shock resistance with excellent bending qualities and above average workability
  • Uses: Interiors; furniture; handles of tools and implements; sporting and athletic goods
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer (quarter sliced & half round), and lumber
  • Price Range: Average

 

Basswood

Basswood

 

  • Tilia americana
  • Linden, American Whitewood, American Lime
  • Source: Northern United States & Canada
  • Color: Creamy white
  • Pattern: Fine grain; little or no grain character
  • Characteristics: Very light; fairly soft; glues quite well
  • Uses: Largely as core stock and cross-banding
  • Availability: Readily available
  • Price Range: Low to Medium Low
  • in stock

 

Birch, Yellow

Birch, Yellow

 

  • Betula alleghaniensis
  • Source: Canada and the Lake States and New England to North Carolina in the US
  • Color: Cream or light brown tinged with red, with thin, nearly white sapwood
  • Pattern: Both rotary and sliced, plain and often curly or wavy
  • Characteristics: Heavy; very strong; hard; close grained; even texture
  • Uses: Furniture; interiors; doors; store fixtures; trim; etc.
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer, lumber, and plywood
  • Price Range: Moderate
  • in stock

 

Cedar Alaska Yellow

Cedar Alaska Yellow

 

  • Source: Canada and southern Alaska
  • Color: Light to golden yellow
  • Pattern: Fine grain; little of no grain character
  • Characteristics: Very light; fairly soft; glues well
  • Uses: Boat construction; core stock; furniture
  • Availability: Becoming more difficult in high quality
  • Price Range: Moderate to high

 

Cedar Tennessee (Aromatic)

Cedar Tennessee (Aromatic)

 

  • Juniperus virginiana
  • Eastern Redcedar; Juniper; Pencil cedar
  • Source: Eastern two-thirds of the United States. Largest production in Southeastern and South Central States
  • Color: Pinkish red to light red with white (sap) stripes on edges
  • Pattern: Knotty with natural characteristics
  • Characteristics: Tends to lean towards the brittle side, is considered to be "nice" to work
  • Uses: Cedar storage chests; closet liner; jewelry boxes; pails; small woodenware
  • Availability: Readily as lumber only, some plywood
  • Price Range: Moderate
  • in stock

 

Cherry American Black

Cherry American Black

 

  • Prunus serotina
  • Black Rum Cherry, Wild Black Cherry
  • Source: Maine to Dakotas and Appalachians; production largely Pennsylvania to West Virginia
  • Color: Light Reddish-Brown
  • Pattern: Straight grained; satiny; some figured. Small gum pockets are normal markings.
  • Characteristics: Light; strong; rather hard; fine grained
  • Uses: Fine furniture; woodwork and engraving blocks
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer (quarter sliced, half round); readily available as lumber
  • Price Range: Average
  • in stock

 

Cocobolo

Cocobolo

 

  • Dalbergia retusa, Dalbergia hypoleuca
  • Nambar, Granadillo
  • Source: Central America
  • Color: Dark red, rose, or yellowish-brown with veins and irregular markings or purple or black
  • Pattern: Straight to interwoven grain
  • Characteristics: VERY hard
  • Uses: Cutlery handles; furniture; inlay; cabinets; specialty items
  • Availability: Limited as veneer; readily available as lumber
  • Price Range: High
  • in stock

 

Coffeetree

Coffeetree

 

  • Gymnocladus dioicus
  • Kentucky Coffeetree
  • Source: USA Central Hardwoods Region
  • Color: Rich, light brown tinged with red, with thin lighter colored sap wood
  • Pattern: Strong annual ring markings
  • Characteristics: Heavy although not hard; strong; coarse-grained
  • Availability: Rare
  • Price Range: Average

 

Cordia

Cordia

 

  • Cordia spp.
  • Bocote, Canalete, Canaletta, Louro Pardo, Loro Negro, Siricote, Ziricote
  • Source: West Indies, Central America, and northern South America
  • Color: Reddish brown to dark brown, with irregular blackish streaks, and sapwood grayish or yellowish
  • Pattern: Grain variable
  • Characteristics: Fine to medium texture
  • Uses: Furniture, cabinetry, turnery, flooring, veneer, gunstocks
  • Availability: Readily available as lumber and veneer
  • Price Range: Average

 

Ebony Macassar

Ebony Macassar

 

  • Diospyros Celebica
  • Perhaps the most preferred of the East Indian Ebony group
  • Source: East Indies
  • Color: Dark brown to black; large proportion of the logs are streaked with yellowish-brown or gray.
  • Pattern: Rays are fine and very indistinct; the grain markings largely from the brown streaks on black background
  • Characteristics: Dense; close grain.
  • Uses: Wall paneling; inlays; ornamental work.
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer (quarter sliced); limited as lumber, usually found in smaller dimensions
  • Price Range: Valuable
  • in stock

 

Hickory

Hickory

 

  • Carya spp.
  • There are some 16 species and 20 varieties in eastern North America of which the most important commercially is Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata).
  • Source: From Northeastern United States to the Southwest into Mexico
  • Color: White to cream with inconspicuous fine brown lines and tan heartwood.
  • Pattern:
  • Characteristics: Extremely tough and resilient; quite hard and only moderately heavy.
  • Uses: As veneer-furniture, skis, and moulded/bent plywood requiring extreme strength
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer; readily available as lumber.
  • Price Range: Average

 

Imbuya

Imbuya

 

  • Phoebe porsa
  • Brazilian Walnut, Determa, Embuia, Imbuia
  • Source: Brazil
  • Color: Rich Brown
  • Pattern: Sometimes blistered
  • Characteristics: Fine textured; moderately hard and heavy
  • Uses: High-grade furniture; jointery; paneling; flooring
  • Availability: Rare as veneer (plain sliced, half round)
  • Price Range: Average to high

 

Koa

Koa

 

  • Acacia
  • Source: Hawaii
  • Color: Golden Brown with dark streaks
  • Pattern: Brown streaks; lustrous sheen. Occasionally develops a perfect fiddle back figure or other cross figure
  • Characteristics: Walnut-like texture but not as hard
  • Uses: Originally for art objects and musical instruments; also for fine furniture and paneling
  • Availability: Limited as veneer (quarter sliced); limited as lumber
  • Price Range: Medium-high to high

 

Lacewood

Lacewood

 

  • Cardwellia sublimis
  • Australian Silky "Oak," Selano, Silky "Oak"
  • Source: Queensland, Australia
  • Color: Light pink with silvery sheen
  • Pattern: Small flaky grain due to large rays
  • Characteristics: Very attractive overall pattern when used on small areas
  • Uses: Often as borders and limited, highly figured areas of fine furniture
  • Availability: Rare as veneer (quarter sliced)
  • Price Range: Valuable
  • in stock

 

Lignum Vitae

Lignum Vitae

 

  • Guaiacum officinale, G. Sanctum
  • Guayacan - "The wood of life"
  • Source: Tropical North America; West Indies, south to Venezuela
  • Color: Variable from olive brown to dark brown and nearly black
  • Pattern:
  • Characteristics: Especially oily or waxy; mildly scented; extremely hard and heavy, with decidedly interwoven grain texture; very fine; highly difficult to work; extremely durable
  • Uses: Bearings or bushings for propeller shafts, mallets, chisel blocks, brush backs
  • Availability: Rare in larger sizes
  • Price Range: Expensive

 

Mahogany, African

Mahogany, African

 

  • Khaya ivorensis
  • Source: Africa (Ivory Coast, Gold Coast, French Cameroon, Cape Lopez, Nigeria)
  • Color: Light pink to reddish brown and tannish-brown
  • Pattern: Although pores are distributed, this wood produces a very distinct, pleasing grain. The most lavishly figured mahogany is offered in plain stripe, broken stripe, mottle, fiddle back, fine crotches, and faux swirl.
  • Characteristics: Available in great lengths and widths; milder textured with slightly larger pores than other mahogany species; relatively hard; works well; highly lustrous; polishes well; durable
  • Uses: Interiors; furniture; accessories and art objects; boats, etc.
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer (all cutting methods used); readily available as lumber
  • Price Range: Average; for highly figured veneer, valuable
  • in stock

 

Mahogany, Honduras

Mahogany, Honduras

 

  • Swietenia spp.
  • Source: Peruvian, Brazilian, Tabasco, Honduras, Mexican, Guatemalan, Nicaraguan, Jamaican (Brazilian marketed as Amazon Mahogany)
  • Color: Varies from a light reddish or yellowish-brown to a rich, dark red, depending upon country of origin and situation. Most supplies tend to be yellowish-tan, changing on brief exposure to rich, golden brown.
  • Pattern: A considerable variety of figures, similar to African mahogany, except crotches are not readily available. Straighter grain generally
  • Characteristics: Lighter and softer than Cuban; mostly straight-grained but even when interlocked is exceptionally stable; more mellow texture than Cuban (West Indian); extremely good strength properties; works well; stains and finishes well; durable and decay resistant; Central America produces more figured logs for fancy veneers.
  • Uses: Furniture; paneling; fine joinery; boats and ships; pattern making; exterior uses
  • Availability: Readily available-Central American in veneer (plain and quarter sliced, half-round); readily available
  • Price Range: Average
  • in stock

 

Mahogany, Philippine

Mahogany, Philippine

 

  • Shorea negrosensis, Pentacme spp.
  • Source: Philippine Islands
  • Color: Red to brown
  • Pattern: Ribbon stripe; interlocking grain
  • Characteristics: Coarse texture; large pores
  • Uses: Furniture; doors; and cabinetmaking
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer (quarter sliced, rotary cut); readily available as lumber
  • Price Range: Inexpensive
  • in stock

 

Maple, Eastern

Maple, Eastern

 

  • Acer saccharum
  • Birds Eye Maple, Curly Maple, Fiddle back Maple, Northern Maple, Rock Maple, Sugar Maple, Black Maple
  • Source: Lake States, Appalachians, Northwest US; Canada
  • Color: Cream to light reddish-brown heartwood; thin white sapwood tinged slightly with reddish-brown
  • Pattern: Usually straight-grained; sometimes found highly figured with curly, fiddle back, blistered, quilted, birds eye or burl grain, scattered over entire tree or in irregular stripes and patches
  • Characteristics: Heavy; hard; strong; close-grained; tough; stiff; uniform texture. Excellent resistance to abrasion and indentation
  • Uses: Furniture; interiors; fixtures; flooring; woodenware; cutting surfaces; bakery paddles and other industrial uses; school furniture; decorative inlays and overlays
  • Availability: Plain maple readily available as veneer (plain sliced, half round, full rotary); figured maple (including birds eye, butts, etc.) limited as veneer (all cutting methods used)
  • Price Range: Plain maple-average; Figured maple-valuable
  • in stock

 

Oak, Red

Oak, Red

 

  • Quercus ruba
  • Source: Throughout the eastern United States; especially in the Appalachians, Ohio, and Kentucky
  • Color: Slightly redder tinge than White Oak (though hard for an untrained eye to tell)
  • Pattern: Flake figure less prominent than in White Oak
  • Characteristics: Coarse grain with large round open pores
  • Uses: Furniture, trim, and nearly all common uses where hardwoods are used
  • Availability: Plentiful
  • Price Range: Medium
  • in stock

 

Oak, White

Oak, White

 

  • Quercus alba
  • Source: Entire eastern United States, especially in the Central States and down through the Appalachian region
  • Color: From light brown with a greyish tinge in the heartwood to shades of ochre in the sapwood
  • Pattern: More pronounced and longer rays than red oak, and more frequently rift-sawn for the comb-grain, pin striped figure than red oak
  • Characteristics: Pores are angular and very numerous and filled with a glistening substance called tyloses, which makes this wood especially suitable for water-tight containers (barrel staves) and where water resistance is required. Tannic acid in the wood protects it from fungi and insects. It is closer grained than you will find in red oak.
  • Uses: Nearly all common uses of hardwoods and is especially popular where strength and durability are required. Also for water-tight or water resistant purposes
  • Availability: Readily available as lumber and veneer
  • Price Range: Medium
  • in stock

 

Padouk, African

Padouk, African

 

  • Pterocarpus soyauxii
  • Corail, Vermillion
  • Source: African West Coast
  • Color: Golden Red
  • Pattern: Striped
  • Characteristics: Alternate layers if hard and soft grain; pores are irregular in size and position.
  • Uses: Fine furniture
  • Availability: Limited as lumber; Rare as veneer
  • Price Range: Expensive
  • in stock

 

Poplar, Balsam

Poplar, Balsam

 

  • Populus balsamifera
  • Poplar
  • Source: Northern United States into Canada
  • Color: Ranges from dark greenish-yellow to light yellow
  • Pattern: Undistinguishable
  • Characteristics: One of the softer hardwoods. Works well
  • Uses: Core stock; Paint grade trim and mouldings
  • Availability: Rare as veneer; readily available in Pacific Northwest as lumber
  • Price Range: Modest
  • in stock

 

Rosewood, East Indian

Rosewood, East Indian

 

  • Dalbergia latifolia
  • Bombay Rosewood, Bombay Blackwood (India), Malabar.
  • Source: Southern India and Sri Lanka
  • Color: Dark purple to ebony; streaks of red or yellow
  • Pattern: Small to medium pores in wavy lines; exceedingly fine rays; occasionally crotches and swirls
  • Characteristics: Stand up exceptionally well under all conditions; texture is close, firm and hard; requires rather a sharp tool to secure a smooth surface; very moderate shrinkage
  • Uses: Wall paneling and fine furniture
  • Availability: Limited as veneer (quarter sliced, half-round)
  • Price Range: Valuable

 

Teak

Teak

 

  • Tectona grandis
  • Burma Teak, Genuine Teak, Rangoon Teak
  • Source: Burma, Java, East India, Thailand
  • Color: Tawny yellow to dark brown, often with lighter streaks
  • Pattern: A great deal like walnut, sometimes mottled and fiddle back
  • Characteristics: Strong; tough; oily. Except for oiliness, much like walnut
  • Uses: Paneling; furniture; floors; ship decking
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer (plain and quarter sliced); limited as lumber
  • Price Range: Valuable
  • in stock

 

Walnut, American Black

Walnut, American Black

 

  • Juglans nigra
  • American Black Walnut, Black Walnut
  • Source: While walnut grows throughout the United States and Southern Canada, its commercial range is confined largely to some fifteen central states.
  • Color: Light grey-brown to dark purplish-brown
  • Pattern: Plain to highly figured. This one species produces a greater variety of figure types than any other, approached only by mahogany. Longwood (plain and quarter sliced, half-round, both plain and figured; crotches; swirls; stump wood and occasionally burls)
  • Characteristics: Moderately heavy; very strong for its weight; exceptionally stable
  • Uses: Furniture; architectural woodwork; gunstocks; novelties
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer; readily available as lumber
  • Price Range: Medium to valuable for highly figured types
  • in stock

 

Yew, American

Yew, American

 

  • Taxus brevifolia
  • Pacific or Western Yew
  • Source: Pacific Coast of the US and Southwest Canada
  • Color: Reddish-brown
  • Pattern: Close grained
  • Characteristics: Heavy; hard
  • Uses: Lumber, archery bows
  • Availability: Rare in large sizes
  • Price Range: Expensive

 

Zebrawood

Zebrawood

 

  • Microberlinia brazzavillensis
  • Zebra Wood, Zebrano, Zingana
  • Source: African Cameroon; Gabon, West Africa
  • Color: Straw and dark brown
  • Pattern: Striped; dark brown stripes; lustrous surface
  • Characteristics: Heavy; hard; with somewhat coarse texture
  • Uses: Veneer-wall paneling, inlays
  • Availability: Readily available as veneer (quarter sliced)
  • Price Range: High
  • in stock

 

The above information is accumulated from many sources. The majority of this information is derived from the "Fine Hardwoods Selectorama," published as a cooperative effort of the Fine Hardwood Veneer Association and American Walnut Manufacturers Association, 5603 West Raymond Street, Suite 0 in Indianapolis, Indiana 46241. Telephone: (317) 244-3311.